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Short-Term Effects of Marijuana Use and How It Effects the Body

Many people believe that the expected short-term effect of smoking marijuana is to get high or have a pleasant sensation. However, the drug has more implications. It influences almost all aspects of lifestyle in the user and decreases the user’s ability to manage his/her responsibilities.

Impaired memory

Marijuana does not wipe out your mind, however, it can stop the formation of new memories. Scientists can quickly test memory by analyzing a group of words to an individual and later require them to rehearse or establish the original words from another group. Numerous research demonstrates that when the scientist read the words before users smoke weed, the users recalled the words very well smoke marijuana or a placebo. When researchers read the words after consumers smoke pot, they consumers remembered less if they smoked marijuana. It is believed that marijuana can destabilize the memory. However, cannabis mostly targets the hippocampus of the brain, which is the area of the brain which links to the formation of memory. If you activate the cannabinoid receptors in the hippocampus, they will disrupt a cellular process known as long-term potentiation, a long-term booster of cross-talk between neurons. It is not suitable to read for an exam while you are high since THC destabilizes the hippocampus’ cellular process of forming new memories.

Reduced anxiety

Different patients who have multiple sclerosis received marijuana as an experimental treatment, and it resulted in a constant side-effect. After the patients smoked, 89 percent of them experienced reduced anxiety. Since frequent consumers of marijuana tend to have high levels of stress, they may smoke partially to ease their problems. Anandamide is a chemical produced by the brain which targets the cannabinoid receptor, the body’s type of THC. An enzyme called FAAH deactivates anandamide or fatty acid amide hydrolase. Different scientists at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism administered a compound into the amygdala region of mice brains to stop FAAH from deactivating anandamide, which permits it to have long-term effects. There is a high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in the amygdala, and it’s the region of the brain mostly linked to fear and anxiety. The mice became less scared of cues previously paired with shocks when FAAH was blocked in the amygdala. The scientist discovered the same effect in humans. Individuals possessing a gene that generates a weaker version of FAAH, and who own more anandamide, were quickly understood that a threatening cue was harmless. Marijuana can lower anxiety since THC connects to cannabinoid receptors in the amygdala, decreasing the brain’s threat reaction.

Other short-term effects of include:

–    Negatively influences the brain memory, understanding, and judgment

–    High risk of hasty, lousy conduct (e.g., unsafe sex, attempting different drugs)

–    Driving becomes difficult and points of restricts the functioning of the brain coordination

–    The rise in heart rate – Usually doubles its regular beats per minute.

–    Leads to an incorrect understanding of time and space

–    Increase in appetite

–    Makes problem-solving difficult

Moreover, the following symptoms can happen when high amounts of marijuana is smoked:

–    Hallucinations

–    Paranoia

–    A high rate of anxiety

–    A high percentage of depression

–    Delusions

If cannabis is mixed with harder substances such as alcohol, it can lead to detrimental effects, which makes it hard to anticipate.

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